The Ships

RMS Queen Mary 2
2004 - Current
Cunard
Great Britain
SS Normandie
1935 to 1942
The French Line
France
SS United States
1951-Present (Philadelphia)
United States Line
United States
RMS Queen Elizabeth
1939-1968
Cunard
Great Britain
RMS Queen Mary
1936-Present (Long Beach)
Cunard
Great Britain
RMS Titanic
1912
The White Star Line
Great Britain
SS Andrea Doria
1953-1956
The Italian Line
Italy
HMHS Britannic
1914-1916
White Star Line
Great Britain
RMS Lusitania
1907 - 1915
Cunard
Great Britain
RMS Mauretania
1907-1934
Cunard
Great Britain
SS Rex
1932-1944
Italian Line
Italy
SS Leviathan (Vaterland)
1914 - 1934
HAPAG, US Navy, United States Line
Germany - United States
SS Europa / SS Liberte
1930-1963
Norddeutscher Lloyd / The French Line
Germany / France
SS Bremen
1928-1942
Norddeutscher Lloyd Line
Germany
SS Deutschland
1900-1925
Hamburg-America Line
Germany
SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse
1898 - 1914
Norddeutscher Lloyd Line
Germany
RMS Olympic
1911-1935
The White Star Line
Great Britain
SS Bismarck / RMS Majestic
1914-1937
Hamburg America HAPAG / White Star Line
Germany / Great Britain
SS Imperator / RMS Berengaria
1914-1938
Hamburg America Line HAPAG / Cunard
Germany / Great Britain
SS Kronprinz Wilhelm
1901-1923
Norddeutscher Lloyd Line
Germany
SS Raffaello
1963-1975
The Italian Line
Italy
RMS Aquitania
1914 - 1950
Cunard
Great Britain

LIST OF THE MOST FAMOUS, LUXURIOUS, FASTEST, AND LARGEST STEAM OCEAN LINERS BETWEEN EUROPE AND AMERICA ON THE NORTH ATLANTIC. BEGINNING IN THE DAWN OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY THROUGH TWO WORLD WARS UNTIL THE BEGINNING OF THE JET AGE, OCEAN LINERS SAILED THE OCEANS TRANSPORTING PASSENGERS AND GOODS LEADING TO A NEW GLOBALIZED WORLD.

What exactly is an ocean liner? Are cruise ships ocean liners? Is the Titanic an ocean liner? Are there any more ocean liners? These are all great questions! An ocean liner typically carries passengers from one port to another with a set route and schedule to maintain. Modern cruise ships, although large enough to be ocean liners, typically start and end their voyages in the same port, and are not as strong since they typically enjoy good weather. The Titanic was indeed an ocean liner, sailing during the first golden age of steam powered ocean travel. Unfortunately, the lifespan of ocean liners historically has an average of 25 years, so most either sit at the bottom of the ocean or have been sent to the breakers, otherwise known as ship recycling centers.

Ocean liners have been around since the 19th century with the advent of steam powered vessels being able to sustain constant speeds enabling the shipping industry to rely on timetables and schedules for the ships. The SS Savannah became the first ship to successfully use steam power on a trans-Atlantic trip, taking 27 days in 1819. Several years later, the SS Sirius and the SS Great Western finished steam powered trips across the Atlantic Ocean within one day of each other, setting up the race for the Blue Riband prize for fastest transatlantic crossing.

In the late 19th century, ocean liners no longer had auxiliary sails, used screws (propellers) of paddleboards, and were made of iron and steel. Many ships at this time boasted of fully climate controlled interiors with running water and electricity. 

 

Ocean liners in the late 19th century and beginning of the 20th century typically were split into multiple classes, catering to the wealthy traveling and immigrants relocating. Ships transported millions of immigrants from Europe to Australia and the United States. Each nationality had distinct shipping lines emerge servicing those markets. 

As a part of national pride, ocean liners were encouraged by nations to showcase their technological and industrial prowess. These ships were then also requisitioned into active military service, typically as a heavy cruiser, troop transport, and hospital ships. Ocean liners were instrumental in determining the outcomes of both world wars.

© 2019 by Great Ocean Liners