The RMS Titanic, pride of the White Star Line. Launched in 1912, the ship was the largest ever to set sail. With every amenity known to man on board, the ship was a wonder to behold.
Designed to be the largest and most opulent, the Titanic was not nearly as fast as the Cunard competitors. Built by Harland and Wolff in Belfast, Ireland, the Titanic and her sister ship RMS Olympic were completed and destined to become the largest and most elegant transatlantic ocean liners.
In 1912, on her maiden voyage, the ship hit an iceberg and sank within 3 hours. The loss of life was nearly 1,500 that evening, the greatest maritime disaster to date.
Discovered in 1985 by Dr. Robert Ballard, the quest to find Titanic was finally over.
Design of a Colossus
Designed with no expense to be spared, the Titanic had many amenities on previously available on ships. With three classes of passengers to work around, the Titanic's designers ensured that all three levels of passengers had unsurpassed luxuries. From a pool and sauna for the first class passengers to plumbing features within second class staterooms and even single family third class berths, the ship was aptly named the ship of wonder.
The largest vessel by both length, width, and tonnage, Titanic lived up to the name. Powered by coal, the boilers were located at the bottom of the ship. Moving to the rear were two reciprocating engines of immense power. Steam from the boilers powered these engines and then passed through to a turbine powering the center and smaller propeller. The ship also utilized several electric generators that surpassed most power generating facilities around the world at the time. The Titanic was not only a luxurious ship, but one of technological superiority of the time.
origins of grandeur on the sea
Initially conceived over dinner and drinks one evening in 1907 between J. Bruce Ismay, then chairman of the White Star LIne, and J.P. Morgan, who controlled the International Mercantile Company, the parent company of White Star. The Titanic and her two sister ship were envisioned to be the largest and most luxurious passenger liners to ever grace the sea. Running seemingly non-stop service between Southhampton, Liverpool, and New York, The White Star Line would become the most powerful shipping line in history.
Shortly after, the trio of ships began to take shape. The first two ships, the Olympic and Titanic were designed and built side by side in Belfast by Harland and Wolff shipyards. Taking nearly two years to complete,
Tragedy on the Sea
After leaving Queenstown in April of 1912, the Titanic embarked on her maiden voyage. With all the pomp and circumstance afforded to these luxury liners, the voyage began with great fanfare.
All seemed to be going according to plan, until the radio operator began receiving more ominous ice warnings from other liners.
On the night of April 14, 1912 disaster struck. The collision with the iceberg cased too much damage for the watertight compartments and emergency pumps to handle. In less than three hours, the ship would be underwater standing its passengers in scattered lifeboats and in the freezing water. by the time help arrived the next morning by the RMS Carpathia, a Cunard liner in the area, many of the passengers had already frozen to death.
As a result of the tragedy, many maritime laws that were adopted are still in use today.